Stocks fluctuated on Thursday as the S&P 500 traded just below an all-time high and traders digested better-than-expected unemployment data.
The S&P 500 was up 0.2%, briefly crossing its record closing high of 3,386.15 and sitting 0.2% below its intraday record of 3,393.52. The Dow Jones Industrial Average was down by 42 points, or 0.2%. The Nasdaq Composite outperformed, rising 0.9%.
Cisco Systems dropped more than 11% on the back of disappointing earnings guidance to lead the Dow lower. Stocks of companies that would benefit from the economy reopening struggled as well. Gap dipped 2.4%. American Airlines and Southwest slid 1.3%. Meanwhile, shares of Apple gained 1%. Facebook and Amazon were also higher.
The S&P 500 came into the session just 0.4% below its all-time intraday high set on Feb. 19 after a 1.4% rally in the previous session led by tech. The broader market index was even closer to its record closing high of 3,386.15.
Reaching an all-time high would mark the fastest reversal from a 30% drop on record, pointed out Ed Clissold, chief U.S. strategist at Ned Davis Research. He also noted at broader market participation is needed for the S&P 500 to make a meaningful break above its February high.
“Improvement in long-term breadth indicators would strengthen the case for further rallying, and better long-term breadth will likely require more participation from lagging Value stocks,” Clissold said in a note. But “even if the S&P 500 fails to eclipse the February record in the near term, the past six months have been historic. The question is where do we go from here?”
Initial jobless claims below 1 million
Thursday’s data was the latest indication of an improving labor market.
Last week, the U.S. government announced that nearly 1.8 million jobs were created in July and that the unemployment rate fell to 10.2%. Payroll numbers for May and June were also revised up.
To be sure, investors continue to keep a watchful eye on Washington, where the nation’s top lawmakers continue to haggle over a new coronavirus-relief package for American households and businesses.
Though Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi both said this week that the two sides are far away from an agreement, many investors believe a deal is inevitable. White House economic advisor Larry Kudlow also told CNBC’s “Squawk on the Street” that talks were at a stalemate.
“The market still wants, and very much expects, an actual stimulus bill to be signed,” wrote Tom Essaye, editor of the Sevens Report.
“Looking forward, stimulus bill negotiations will continue, but [President Trump’s] executive orders (combined with recently solid data) likely reduce the urgency to get something done, so realistically the market will be looking for an agreement over the next few weeks,” he added.